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8o                        THE FATE OF MAN

powerless to conquer unemployment.   As has
often been pointed out, there is no proper relation
between production and demand.   And this is
a moral and metaphysical defect as well as purely
economic, since it means that production does
not exist for man, but man for production.    This
is why it is possible to destroy or dump into the
sea huge quantities of grain, for purely economic
interests, at a moment when millions are starving.
Man is not the centre of economics :  economic
liberalism and individualism are at fault for not
having placed him there.    Capitalistic economy
is deeply  anti-personal:   it  dehumanizes  eco-
nomic life and makes man a thing.    This is ex-
pressed in its present period of decline by the
fact that it is becoming constantly more anony-
mous.   Capitalism is itself breaking down the
principle of private property: it is difficult to
know who is a proprietor and just what he
owns.   The power of the banks is a faceless,
anonymous power.   The trusts are anonymous,
impersonal  institutions.   It is even  uncertain
who is responsible for the misery under which
the world is now suffering: there is no culprit,
for he has no name.   The unemployed do not
know who is to blame for their bitter  lot.
Man is crushed by a vast shapeless, faceless and
nameless power, money.
But the chief cosmic force which is now at